IELTS General Writing Task 1 – Effective Way to Write a letter

The IELTS General writing task 1 basically measures your ability to talk about any issues. In writing task 1 you have only 20 minutes to complete the task. In this you have to write a letter to any institution or a company or to any individual person. Moreover the score for writing task 1 is also graded from writing task 2 essay.

Types of Letters you are being asked to write

In IELTS General Writing Task you may be asked to write these kind of letters.

  • Informal letter
  • Semi formal letter
  • Formal letter
IELTS General Writing Task 1 - Effective Way to Write a letter


In this type of letter you can write a letter to your friends, family members, or to your batchmates. Purpose to write this type of letter

  1. Send invitations to your friends and family members of your birthday
  2. Ask for suggestions from your friends
  3. Tell them your experience of any visit


This type of letter is written to the professor of your class or the landlord of your apartment.Purpose to write this type of letter

  1. In this we can complain to our landlord about anything regarding the house
  2. Through this type of letter we can ask for permissions from our professor


This letter is considered to be the most important type of letter because this letter is mainly written to the boss of the company or to any institution. Purpose to write this letter

  1. Applying for a job in any company
  2. Admission in any institution
  3. Sending resignation letter to company

Opening and Closing of the letter

Formal        Dear Sir/Madam,Yours faithfully,
Dear Mr Dhillon,Dear Ms Ananya
Yours sincerely,
InformalDear Kunal,Dear KiratBest regards,Warm wishes,

Key Point to Remember While Writing a letter:

  1. Spellings must be correct.

 Always write the correct spelling of your words which you are likely to use in your answer. With correct spellings you can easily boost up your score.

  1. Handwriting must be neat and clean.

 Always try to write neat and clean handwriting, so that the examiner can easily check your exam without any hesitation.

  1. Letter must have at least 150 words

If your letter will not have at least 150 words you can lose your marks but if it has at least 150 words or more than that you can get a good score.

  1.  Finish in time

The writing task 1 of your IELTS general consists of 30% of the total writing score, so make sure you complete the whole letter before the given time, so that you can recheck your work too.

  1. Use of phrases. 

In letter writing you should add on some standard phrases. This makes your work interesting and easier for the reader to understand the meaning. Moreover, this also saves your time.

  1. Your letter must be in four paragraphs.

In your letter you must have these four paragraphs.

  • Introduction
  • Situation
  • Action
  • Conclusion

IELTS General Writing Task 1 Scoring Criteria

Coherence & Cohesion Coherence:Present ideas logically.Use structured paragraphs.
Cohesion:Write so points stick together, make sense and convey your message.Use standard expression & transition words.
Grammar range & accuracyUse a wide range of grammar structures. Include different kinds of sentences like simple, compound, complex.Use effective punctuation.Use correct capitalization.
Lexical resource  Use a wide range of vocabulary naturally, correctly and fluently.Use correct spelling.Choose the right words.Use the correct form of words, such as verbs, nouns, etc. (word form).
Task Achievement Do everything you are asked to do.Give a full developed response.Include/cover all the necessary points.Write 150 words.

Sample topics for IELTS General Writing Task 1

You enjoyed a trip organized by your institution. Write a letter to the principal and praise your teachers who accompanied you on the trip.

In your letter, you sould:

  • Describe the details of your trip
  • Explain how teachers were helpful to you
  • Suggest how the teachers should be rewarded

You recently went to drive your girlfriend’s new car. write a letter to your girlfriend.

In your letter, you should:

  • Tell your girlfriend what you liked most about her new car
  • Suggest some modification for her car
  • Your views about her brand new car   

You have lost your wallet in the train and called customer service to get help. You weren’t happy with their response. Write a letter to the head of the railway authority.

           In your letter, you should:

  • Describe the wallet you lost 
  • Explain why you weren’t happy with the customer service

Write a letter to your landlord complaining about the broken doors of the flat which you buy.

          In your letter, you should:

  • Tell him how many doors are broken
  • How they can be fixed
  • Estimate cost to repair them   


So these are some important points and sample topics for IELTS General Training, Writing Task 1.   I hope you got a good amount of information from this article. If you want more information regarding IELTS Writing Task, Contact I Win Consultants have missed any kind of information or topic please leave a comment in the comment box.